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  • Couples and single women
  • Must be at least 25 years of age
  • No more than 50 years older than the child

Children Needing Families:

  • Children qualifying for international adoption can be found on two separate waiting lists: one for healthy/Special Needs children, and one for older children.
  • Children range in age from 1.5 years to 15 years old.
  • The most common medical issues in Bulgarian children are from a lack of prenatal care by the birth mother.
  • The most common special needs are from delays in psycho-motor development (also other developmental delays), hydrocephaly (sometimes with a shunt already administered), and cerebral palsy. It is customary in Bulgarian culture to exaggerate the severity of a special need.
  • Children are raised mostly in orphanages. However, there are also foster care homes.
  • Bulgarian children who need adoption are generally of Roma or Turkish origins. Bulgaria also has a large Slavic population.
  • Bulgaria provides very detailed medical information. Each child’s referral includes a picture, a detailed medical report, and a video clip. Additional information about children can be provided through our international coordinators.

Requirements & Process:

In order to begin a Bulgarian adoption, each family must complete a Hague-approved home study and dossier. These will be performed with the cooperation of KidsFirst Adoption Agency. We walk our families through each step of the dossier process, which is shorter for Bulgaria than in most other countries. Once the home study and dossier are complete, they can be submitted to Bulgarian officials.

Avg. Referral Waits:

  • For healthy children under 3, the referral wait time is 2-3 years.
  • For healthy children up to 5, the wait time is 1-2 years.
  • For healthy older children (6 years and up), the wait time can be between 2 months and 1 year.
  • For sibling groups the wait time is dependent on the age of the children.
  • For Special Needs children, there may be no wait time. In fact, once the child has been selected by a family, a referral can be held for up to 6 months while the necessary paperwork is completed. Call us at 317-843-2300 to find a complete list of the current waiting children, and to learn more about them.
  • Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice will help match the children with families.
  • We assist families in compiling a detailed list of medical conditions they may be comfortable with. The preferences could influence wait times.


Families will travel approximately 2 months after they accept a referral. The first trip lasts 1 week, and both parents must travel. The second trip takes place 3-4 months after the first trip. It is 1 week long, and only 1 parent must travel if both cannot. The court date for a Bulgarian adoption is not attended by the family. It takes place in the time between the two trips, and is handled by our Bulgarian attorney.

Trip 1 - The family, once they have arrived in the capitol of Sofia, will travel with their coordinator to the region of the child’s orphanage. After meeting the child and speaking with the orphanage doctor, they may sign the adoption consent form, so long as they are comfortable with the match. The family may continue that week spending time with the child.

Trip 2 - The coordinator will walk the family through all of the necessary stages. The family then picks up their child, and the coordinator assists them with the immigration and passport retrieval process. Afterwards, the family may return back to the United States.